Wound dressing is one of the basics of home healthcare or nursing services. This is something that trained practitioners learn and keep this knowledge ready for deploying the same whenever required. Dressing a wound is an activity which is of paramount importance since any wound, no matter however small, requires instant attention. Dressing is what makes it more convenient for maintaining the balance of moisture needed for optimal healing of the wound in question.
Home care nursing and healthcare solutions are a major boon for families since trained practitioners/nurses care for senior citizens or those who are chronically ill or have been recovering from major surgeries. Dressing wounds is something that these professionals know thoroughly.
Learning more about wound dressing
Dressing serves various purposes which are outlined below:
- Lowering pain levels
- Immobilization of injured body parts
- Application of compression for venous stasis or haemorrhage
- Protection of surrounding tissues and wound
- Promotion of healing for moist wounds
Here is some vital information that home care nursing professionals should know about the kinds of wounds and options for dressing.
- Necrotic and dry wounds- Retention of moisture, i.e. semi-permeable and hydrocolloid.
- Infected wounds- Semi-occlusive dressing to be skipped. Alginate/hydrocolloid may be considered.
- Slough covered wounds- Retention of moisture and absorption of fluids, for example alginate and hydrocolloid.
- Abrasions/Graze- Film, soiled, clean, fixation sheet/dry, tulle.
- Bites/puncture wounds- Dry/open.
- Burns- Minor/Major, medicated tulle, film, fixation sheet, special area burn, plastic wrap before surgical review.
- Laceration- Open/dry sutured lacerations, paper tape support may be considered post removal of suture.
- Chronic wounds- PEG sites, ulcers, etc, alginate/foam/hydrocolloid may be considered.
Here’s looking into the dressing types for wounds:
- Hydrogel Dressing- This kind is mainly for those wounds which have negligible or zero excess fluids along with necrotic and painful wounds, donor sites, pressure ulcers, second degree/higher burns and wounds which are infected.
- Hydrocolloid Dressing- These dressings are majorly applicable for light/moderately draining injuries, burns, necrotic wounds, pressure ulcers, wraps under compression and venous ulcers.
- Foam Dressing- Wounds with differing severity may require foam dressing and this also applies for injuries which come with related odors.
- Alginate Dressing- These dressings are useful for high to moderate amounts of drainage for wounds, packing wounds, venous ulcers and pressure ulcers in stages IV or III.
- Collagen Dressing- This may be applicable for stalled or chronic wounds, bed sores, ulcers, surgical wounds, transplant sites, higher burns or second degree burns and wounds which have bigger surface areas.
- Gauze/Cloth Dressing- This is commonly used for safeguarding open wounds or broken skin areas. They are suited for taking care of minor injuries like cuts, grazes, etc.
- Transparent Dressing- These dressings come in handy when wound healing has to be carefully monitored by medical professionals.
Advantages of home care in this regard
Home care is a major boon when it comes to dressing wounds. Some of the benefits include the following:
- No need to wait for long periods at hospitals/clinics for simple dressing activities.
- No discomfort related to traveling or venturing out of the home.
- Home care will be tailored as per the needs of the individual client.
- You get more control over your medical care and choices.
- There is partnership with structured and reputed home healthcare providers which ensures quality and accountability alike.
- You can get clinical dressing services in the comfort of your home which leads to greater peace of mind.
- Family participation and presence is another major benefit of getting dressing done at home.
- Faster healing is possible if you get your wounds dressed at home since you do not have to venture outside.
- There are lower risks of infections as well.